‘I would overweight MSCI China in a GEM portfolio, and particularly H-shares. Deep cyclicals in China remain favoured on growing evidence of a fixed investment recovery. That backdrop would force side-lined investors, as yet unconvinced by the sustainability of the Q1 rally, to reallocate. From a technically driven repositioning rally, the next leg globally would see a shift to a positive net earnings revision trend and multiple expansion.’ Weekly Insight, 12th April
That unfashionable cyclical bet has paid off but while the RMB proxy short via H-shares (particularly banks) has been much reduced over the summer, global funds are still underweight offshore China by almost 300bps, near a decade high. A key theme is that you have to ‘reality check’ economic data points more than ever in the current environment of rapid structural change and low amplitude trend growth that leaves Japan and Europe repeatedly on the cusp of apparent recession.
That’s even truer in a global economy where incremental growth is digitizing and the global economy is becoming ‘lighter’; it is significant that services added more to global trade growth than manufacturing last year for the first time ever. The standard macro data points used by consensus analysis are increasingly misleading and as Silicon Valley giants start employing large teams of PhD economists, it seems clear that the web giants now have a uniquely powerful perspective on economic data flow from ‘live’ consumer prices to merchandise inventory levels. Investors will likely be buying proprietary data packages from Amazon, Google etc. within a few years that are far more powerful than anything Wall Street can offer (the ‘billion prices’ project at MIT is an early view of the potential of big data and real-time online transaction networks).
There are now hundreds of data releases every week that didn’t even exist a decade ago, with dozens of bank economists commenting on almost every one, but little of that activity is of any practical help in generating actionable insight. Back in Q1, scanning the outlook statements from key global cyclicals would have reassured any investor paralyzed by ‘sell everything’ headlines from excitable IB strategists. The granular corporate evidence has been more reliable than economist extrapolations all year and remains broadly encouraging.
As for China, Komatsu has seen a 10% rise in excavator utilization hours, the seventh consecutive month of growth. I spoke to a client recently who had attended a major tech conference in Taiwan and thought confidence among companies he met was at levels he had rarely seen over the past decade. To do this job, you need to have an analytical telescope and microscope and most importantly know when to switch between them.
Growth, inflation and earnings expectations are all turning modestly but decisively higher. That more than central bank actions will generate volatility near-term as complacent bond investors front running central bank buying reposition for a less pessimistic economic outlook. It’s also clear that even central bankers are accepting that monetary policy is at the limits of both creativity and effectiveness, and as Harvard’s Larry Summers has recently argued, fiscal policy focused on infrastructure spending now looks a more rational policy response. By boosting the velocity of money in the real economy, that would be inherently more inflationary medium term than endless monetary stimulus that ex asset inflation effects simply gets trapped in bank excess reserves.
While recent US data has been mixed in housing etc., historically low level of combined debt service and energy outlays at just 14% of disposable income are offsetting soft wage growth, while balance sheets and net worth continue to improve. We have seen some slowing in growth in corporate bank borrowing as more companies tap booming credit markets, but the slowing in corporate bank loans has been offset by an acceleration in real estate and consumer lending.
An interesting lead-indicator granular data point is the Chemical Activity Barometer, published monthly by the American Chemistry Council, up 3.9% y/y recently and suggesting that US industrial production will accelerate into early 2017 now that the energy/inventory adjustment drags are abating. The biggest surprise to a consensus still suffering ‘macro hypochondria’ would be a synchronised cyclical growth rebound over the next 3-6mths and our overweight cyclical risk asset strategy since Q1 remains in place.